In 1965, the annexation of Houghton, Baraga and Keweenaw counties was completed, forming the Copper Country Intermediate School District. The Copper Country ISD is a service agency that provides special support services, special help and special equipment to educators in its 13 constituent local school districts; in addition to serving as a liaison office between the districts and the Michigan Department of Education.
Therefore, the purpose of the study was to provide a normative database on isometric and eccentric rotator cuff (RC) strength values in a sample of overhead athletes, and to discuss gender, age and sports differences.
A HHD was used to measure RC strength in 201 overhead athletes between 18 and 50 years old from three different sports disciplines: tennis, volleyball and handball.
This author, their immediate family, and any research foundation with which they are affiliated did not receive any financial payments or other benefits from any commercial entity related to the subject of this article.
There is evidence of organizations similar to intermediate districts throughout the country dating back to the 1800’s, when most school districts were very small, rural and often isolated.
This normative database is necessary to help the clinician in the evaluation of RC strength in healthy and injured overhead athletes.
In view of the preventive screening and return-to-play decisions in overhead athletes, normalization to body weight and calculating intermuscular ratios are key points in this evaluation.There was a need for an agency to provide a variety of services for the districts, as well as the state, and county governments were the logical choice.The official creation of county boards of education in Michigan took place in 1935.The ISD strives to provide the highest quality of service and support to the schools and the community.The governing body of the ISD is a seven-person board elected by the thirteen local school district boards of education.Our results are of high interest for the stakeholders on crowdfunding platforms.