Other than some elevation on Kiriwina, the islands are flat coral atolls and "remain hot and humid throughout the year, with frequent rainfall." The people of the area are mostly subsistence horticulturalists who live in traditional settlements.
A young woman stays in her lover's house instead of leaving it before sunrise.
The man and woman sit together in the morning and wait for the bride's mother to bring them cooked yams.
But they can face hunger and scarcity at any time of year because of poor growing conditions.
In the mid of 2009 the problem of food insecurity was brought to attention on national and international level by the media.
For example, the real cause of pregnancy is believed to be a baloma, or ancestral spirit, that enters the body of a woman, and without whose existence a woman could not become pregnant; all babies are made or come into existence (ibubulisi) in Tuma.
These tenets form the main stratum of what can be termed popular or universal belief.
Most of the population of 12,000 indigenous inhabitants live on the main island of Kiriwina, which is also the location of the government station, Losuia.
Other major islands in the group are Kaileuna, Vakuta, and Kitava.
The stories they reported were of more concern about population pressure which results as food shortage.
Australian and International media highlighted the food shortage topic.
At seven or eight years of age, Trobriand children begin to play erotic games with each other and imitate adult seductive attitudes.